Alexander the Great
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“Alexander the Great”

Alexander of Macedon came to be known as Alexander the Great, the first one in history to be given the title “the Great.” Indeed, he is one of the greatest and most famous commanders in all military history. Alexander came to the throne as king of Macedon at the tender age of 20 in 336 BC. He proceeded on a decade long campaign of conquest, defeating the Achaemenid Empire and overthrowing its king, Darius III, before moving east to India. He formed one of the largest contiguous empires in history before his death in 323 BCE.



Painting of Alexander the Great

““A male of the goats . . . proceeded to strike down the ram and to break its two horns.” “The ram that you saw possessing the two horns stands for the kings of Media and Persia. And the hairy he-goat stands for the king of Greece.” (Da 8:5, 7, 20, 21)


After defeating the Medo-Persian forces twice in Asia Minor, Alexander’s army pushed first to the S and then to the E, completely conquering the Medo-Persian Empire.”


Over 200 years after Daniel’s time . . . Alexander defeated the Medo-Persian Empire and extended Grecian rule as far as the Indus River (in modern-day Pakistan).”


Philip II’s (Alexander’s father) military reforms were crucial to Alexander’s success

Philip developed the Macedonian army into the most deadly force of the time, developing his infantry phalanx, cavalry, siege equipment and logistics system. Due to Philip’s reforms, Alexander inherited the best army of the time upon his succession.

Alexander never lost a battle

Painting of Alexander the Great

Often in the battles Alexander fought his army was significantly outnumbered. But his army was made up of well-trained soldiers. Alexander had an excellent grasp of military strategy. He was also prepared to take big chances and lead his men into battle.  All of these factors swung the battles he waged in his favor. 

Alexander’s legacy still lives on today

Alexander the Great was one of the most influential persons in history. His military strategies are still being studied today.  He brought Greek culture as far east as modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan.  The Egyptian city of Alexandria, a key Mediterranean port city in antiquity, and now a metropolis of over five million people, was founded by Alexander the Great.  He founded more than twenty cities bearing his name.


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